Basement Radon Mitigation: The Ultimate Guide
If you are like most people, you likely have never heard of radon mitigation before. Radon is a gas that is formed naturally from the decay of uranium in the soil. It is odorless, invisible, and can be very dangerous to your health if it is allowed to accumulate in high concentrations.
In this guide, we will discuss what radon mitigation is and how it can help protect you and your family from the dangers of this harmful gas.
What is Radon Mitigation?
Radon mitigation is the process of reducing or eliminating the amount of radon gas in your home. There are a number of different methods that can be used for this purpose, including ventilation, sealing cracks and crevices in the foundation, and using a radon-reduction system.
This radon mitigation system is typically installed in the basement of your home, and it uses a fan to draw the radon gas out of the house and expel it into the atmosphere.
How Does Radon Mitigation Work?
The radon mitigation system works by drawing the radon gas out of the house and expelling it into the atmosphere. The fan in the system pulls the gas out of the basement, and pushes it up through a pipe to the roof of the house.
The gas is then released into the atmosphere, where it is quickly diluted and becomes harmless. This process takes place outside of the house, so you don’t have to worry about any of the radon gas entering your home.
Benefits of Radon Mitigation
There are many benefits to having a radon mitigation system installed in your home. Some of these benefits include:
Step By Step Guide for Installing Radon Mitigation
If you are interested in having a radon mitigation system installed in your home, here is a step-by-step guide to the process:
What you will need:
Locate the Area for the Radon Mitigation System
The first step is to locate the area where the radon mitigation system will be installed. This should be in a basement or crawlspace, where the gas is most likely to accumulate.
Once you have located the area, use a level to make sure that it is flat and level. If it is not, use a hammer and chisel to correct the surface.
Drill Holes in the Foundation
Next, drill holes in the foundation of the house where the mitigation system will be installed. The holes should be about 12 inches in diameter, and they should be spaced evenly apart.
To do this, use a drill, and a hole saw to cut the holes in the foundation. Be sure to wear safety goggles and a mask when drilling these holes, as there is plenty of dust and debris created by the process.
Dig out under the slab
Once the holes have been drilled, use a shovel to dig out the area under the slab. Be sure to remove all of the dirt and debris from this area, as it will be used to cover the system later on.
Run pipe from the house to the mitigation system
Once the area under the slab has been excavated, run a pipe from the house to the mitigation system. The pipe should be about six inches in diameter, and it should be buried underground.
When installing the pipe, make sure that it is level and straight. Use a level and a tape measure to ensure that it is correct.
Place and seal pipe in the foundation
Once the pipe has been installed, place it in the foundation and seal it in place. Use a hammer and chisel to make sure that the pipe is tightly sealed in the foundation.
Install the mitigation system
It is time to install the mitigation system. This consists of a fan and a filter, and it should be placed in the area that you have excavated. To do this, use a drill to make holes in the foundation for the fan and filter.
Connect the pipe to the mitigation system
Connect the pipe to the mitigation system by using a screwdriver to attach it. Be sure that it is tightly attached so that there is no leakage. You need to use a screwdriver to do this, as the pipe is not threaded.
Connect the fan and filter to the house
Next, connect the fan and filter to the house. This can be done by using a drill to make holes in the foundation for the wiring.
Make sure that all of the connections are tight, and that there is no leakage.
Test the system
Once the system is installed, it is time to test it. Turn on the radon fan and filter, and check to see if the gas is being reduced. If the gas is not being reduced, or if there are any leaks, correct the problem and test again.
Cover the excavation
Once you have verified that the system is working correctly, cover the excavation with soil and debris. This will help to keep out pests and animals, and it will also conceal the system from view.
Now that you know how to install a radon mitigation system, you can rest assured that your family will be safe from the radon exposure dangers of this gas. Follow these steps, and you will be able to reduce the levels of radon in your home.
Common Types of Radon Mitigation Systems
1. Active system
An active system involves the use of a fan to suck the gas from the house, and expel it outdoors. This is the most common type of mitigation system, and it is very effective at reducing radon levels.
2. Passive system
A passive system does not use a fan, but instead relies on the natural airflow of the house to draw the gas out. This type of system is not as effective as an active system, but it is cheaper to install.
3. Sub-slab depressurization system
A sub-slab depressurization system involves the use of a fan to create a negative pressure in the area under the slab. This causes the gas to be drawn out of the house and into the mitigation system.
4. Pipe system
A pipe system involves the installation of a pipe in the foundation of the house. The pipe is connected to a fan and filter, which then removes the gas from the house. This type of system is not as common as other types, but it is very effective.
Other Key Features of a Radon Mitigation System
There are some other key features that you should look for when choosing a radon mitigation system.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is radioactive radon?
Radon is a radioactive gas that is formed when uranium decays. It is the second leading cause of lung cancer, and it can be very dangerous to breathe at high levels.
Do indoor radon levels vary from house to house?
Yes, indoor radon levels can vary greatly from house to house. This is because the level of gas depends on the type of soil and the weather conditions. The only way to know the levels in your house is to test for radon.
Do I need radon test kits?
Yes, you need to test for radon in your house. The only way to know the levels of this gas is to test for it. You can buy test kits online or at most hardware stores.
Does the radon mitigation project require permits?
Most radon mitigation projects do not require permits. However, you should check with your local municipality to see if there are any specific requirements.